Vjaceslavs Lapkovskis, Viktors Mironovs, Andrei Kasperovich, Vadim Myadelets, Dmitri Goljandin, Crumb Rubber as a Secondary Raw Material from Waste Rubber: A Short Review of End-Of-Life Mechanical Processing Methods, Recycling, 10.3390/recycling5040032, 5, 4, (32), (2020). Industrial Research Vol.68,2009. The global plastic consumption increased from 299 million metric tons per year in 2013 to 355 million metric tons in 2016 ( Statista, 2018 ). Introduction Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. Figure 2: Methods for processing Plastic waste Several end-of-life options exist to deal with plastic waste, including recycling, disposal and incineration with or without energy recovery. Currently, plastics and rubbers are broadly being used to produce a wide range of products for several applications like automotive, building and construction, material handling, packaging, toys, etc. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. ordinary waste' has the lowest recycling rate of all categories (1 5%). CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. Requires special handling according to DOE’s schedule waste management. Combustion and landfilling as traditional methods of polymer waste elimination have several disadvantages such as the formation of dust, fumes, and toxic gases in the air, as well as pollution of underground water resources. In many cases they are ... waste paper recycling is a global phenomenon ... Paper/Paperboard 38.1 Rubber, Leather, and Textiles 6.6 … 'Recyclable' waste has lowest recycling rates in plastic (7 5%), rubber (5 4%) and wood (4 6%) wastes. chemical recycling. 2020. In this review, the latest developments related to recycled rubbers in TPE are presented, as well as the different compatibilisation methods used to improve the adhesion between waste rubbers and thermoplastic resins. These methods were reclamation, surface modification, use of rubber powder in asphalt paving, or as extender, or to produce filler to reduce the cost. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely Lapkovskis V, Mironovs V, Kasperovich A, Myadelets V, Goljandin D. Crumb Rubber as a Secondary Raw Material from Waste Rubber: A Short Review of End-Of-Life Mechanical Processing Methods. In this paper, we review existing methods for processing of end-of-life tires, in order to obtain rubber crumb, which can later be used in the production of new industrial rubber goods and composites. Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view. Here briefly focus on why waste reduction and recycling is important; and determine methods to reduce, recycle and reuse items. The fundamental role of recycling is evident, and the development of high-efficiency processes represents a crucial priority for the European market. Of Science And Tech.,India, CodeNo: TMS122Category: Environment: Recycling [11]Rokade S. “Use of Waste Plastic and Waste Rubber Tyres in … Of these methods, chemical recycling is a research field which is gaining much interest now a days, as it turns out to be that the products formed in this method are highly advantageous. "Waste Rubber Recycling: A Review on the Evolution and Properties of Thermoplastic Elastomers" Materials 13, no. Full Length Research Paper Use of waste rubber tyres as aggregate in concrete Abubaker M. Almaleeh1,2*, Stanley M. Shitote3 and Timothy Nyomboi3 1Structural Engineering Department, Pan African University, Institute for Basic Sciences, Technology and Innovation, at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Juja, Kenya. 2020; 5(4):32. The increase of polymeric waste materials’ generation (plastics and rubbers) in the world led to the need to develop suitable methods to reuse these waste materials and decrease their negative effects by simple disposal into the environment. Pollution resulting from the use of plastics is another serious threat to the environment. Materials. Purpose of this section is to provide an overview of measures taken by Government agencies and environmental protection bodies to reduce the environmental impacts of plastic waste.According to Science for environmental policies ,European commission, (2011) Municipal waste collection and separation is a vital part in all waste management methods, for countries such as Germany, Austria … Progress in Rubber, Plastics and Recycling Technology is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to bridge the gap between research and development and the practical and commercial applications of polymers in a wide range of uses. Recycling can be a viable option in the waste management of many materials. The another way to turn waste tires into recycled resources is waste tire pyrolysis recycling. Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view. … Lapkovskis, V.; Mironovs, V.; Kasperovich, A.; Myadelets, V.; Goljandin, D. Crumb Rubber as a Secondary Raw Material from Waste Rubber: A Short Review of End-Of-Life Mechanical Processing Methods. (Figures relate to separately collected materials and may not reflect actual treatment – as a fraction may Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. This is an open access article distributed under the, Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2021 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). We consider processes for separating end-of-life tires into fractions (in terms of types of materials) using chemical, mechanochemical, and mechanical methods to process the materials of used tires, in order to obtain crumb rubber … Rubber crumbs or crumb rubber, the product obtained from ambient/cryogenic grinding of scrap tires, is used for manufacture of new tires or in a variety of landscaping applications including path paving projects, playground surface cover, running tracks, and athletic field turfs.. Pyrolysis. It is concluded that the existing rate of environmental worsening is likely to continue unless long term remedial measures are adopted for plastic wastes management in the country. The final products from… In this process of producing reclaimed rubber, breakage of crosslinking points in the crosslinked rubber occurs selectively under the controls of shear stress, reaction temperature, and internal pressure in a modular screw type reactor. Recycling involves: Separating materials; Collecting them; Re-manufacturing those materials into new products; Buying those new products and Using those new products. Organic waste can be used as fertilizer after processing. See further details. It depends on following direct waste processing in the aim of material obtaining which is full value raw material to the further processing. Paper and other cellulose products. Fazli A, Rodrigue D. Waste Rubber Recycling: A Review on the Evolution and Properties of Thermoplastic Elastomers. CiteScore: 10.7 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 10.7 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. From the point of energy consumption and environmental issues, polymer recycling is the most efficient way to manage these waste materials. 4: 32. The paper describes the basic problems regarding the possibility of using waste plastics and tire rubber waste as raw materials for the preparation of liquid energy carriers for transport (WtL processes) or directly to energy use in a WtE. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2021 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. The fuels obtained from this process do not contain any sulphur content because there is no sulphur in the waste plas-tic. However, these materials show poor mechanical performance as a result of the incompatibility and immiscibility of most polymer blends. The objective of our work is to develop a method of devulcanization of waste ground rubber using appropriate milling processes either in the presence of reclaiming agents (2) or without any chemical additive.The progress of devulcanization has been monitored by estimating the sol and gel portions and by swelling measurements performed before and after mechanochemical treatment on the milled ground rubber. Shredded rubber can be used as an additive in asphalt pavements, and discarded tires may be used as components of swings and other assorted recreational climbing equipment in “tire playgrounds” for children. This is an open access article distributed under the. Noting the increasing volumes and difficulty in the disposal of wastes from rubber tyres, this paper discusses test results of use of recycled tyres in concrete for possible application in the construction industry. The paper was first invented in Lei-Yang, China. 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