Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Being poor during the Victorian era was very difficult, with barely enough money to buy food, how did the Victorians even manage to buy decent clothes? It was denser and more calorific. The structure of an upper class home often had at least a few levels. When it came to age, most brides and grooms would have been in their mid-20s. There was plenty of local fruit available for most of the year and therefore it was quite cheap. You could say Supper is the Victorian midnight snack  Some other food that was used in the Victorian (judging by when these words were first used in the English language,) are: crepes, consomm, spaghetto, souffl, bechamel, ice cream, chowder, meringue, bouillabaisse, mayonnaise, grapefruit, eclair, and chips. Similar in the way we are urged to ‘shop local’ now. Remove from grill 6. This allowed a vast amount of food to be transported across the country, resulting in an increase in choice, with food of a higher quality for those that could afford it. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for t… All manner of novel machines for preparing and cooking industrial quantities of food were devised and heavily advertised in the trade press of the day. The Victorian era was a time of ornate decorum, and grandiose homes for the upper classes. The upper class dinner. The cheapest vegetable was the onion. Required fields are marked *. These would be sliced and fried with onions and served with bread. Kedgeree came about during England’s colonization of India, when curried foods were on … Given the cost of meat, it was always the entree of a Victorian meal. The structure of an upper class home often had at least a few levels. Most people kept chickens for eggs, not to eat. The germs from the water (see my previous post on water here) were killed off by the brewing process. Upper class life in the Industrial Era. Poor people of the Victorian era typically ate dry bread, onions, and milk. https://historythings.com/recipes-rich-victorian-cooking-200-years-ago In the early years of the Victorian era breakfast would have consisted, if you could afford it, of cold meats, cheese and beer. They also may have eggs, bread, or fruit too. The tea was weak because they reused the tealeaves several times before chucking them away. Your email address will not be published. The most commonly eaten meat was pork. While finding enough food was a constant battle for poor Victorians, rich Victorians had an abundance of meats, dairy foods, fruits and vegetables. Being poor during the Victorian era was very difficult, with barely enough money to buy food, how did the Victorians even manage to buy decent clothes? Believe it or not, this classic ice cream topping and dessert has its roots back in the Victorian Era. upper-class-women-in-the-victorian-era-1 The hereditary aristocratic families by the early 19th century had taken a keen interest in the industrial sector. Because upper-class families were not doing hard physical labor during the day, their largest meal was served in the evening. Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. During the Industrial Era society was highly stratified. But in the case of the poor people, their diet was limited to dry bread, onions, milk, etc. Fruit, vegetables and fish [7] Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. 1. From the slightest burp (social ruin if it was heard) to how a gentleman spoke to a young lady, Victorian society was greatly concerned with every aspect of daily life. Not only was breast milk clean, it was free. The Victorian era saw the introduction of two or three-course meals, with the courses arriving in sequence, one at a time. Cockles, mussels, whelks and oysters were cooked and sold by street vendors. Not only were upper class values varied; they cannot be fitted into a drawer labelled ‘upper class only’, as distinct from middle or lower class values. Always wash your hands before preparing food. Roast Turkey with Dressing or Roast Pork with Specialty Potatoes or Chicken Fricassee served with Rice, 5. The middle and upper classes could afford to pay more for imported food such as sugar and coffee, but the poorer people ate healthier when they could afford to eat at all. The Victorian era was a time of ornate decorum, and grandiose homes for the upper classes. Food in the Victorian era was mainly seasonal. This attitude did not change in the Victorian era. By the 1860s, the Victorian talent for mechanical and engineering inventiveness was beginning to make its mark on institutional kitchens such as those found in larger workhouses. Social Class In The Victorian Era 1489 Words | 6 Pages. Men were expected to be the ones who worked all day, earning enough money to pay the rent and provide food and essentials. Smear raw side with remaining honey-mustard mix 8. A more convincing model is one in which different sets of values are Read 12 December 1990. Victorian banquet entrees most often included venison, poultry, and vegetables. Well, most Victorian housewives made their children's clothes for they had learnt how to at a very young age, but even still, poor Victorian families had very few outfit. EDUCATION VICTORIAN STYLE Education was an extremely controversial issue in the Victorian Era. Meat was considered as an integral part of a good diet. Sprinkle on Lemon pepper lightly 9. Because long-term storage was not readily available, food was usually bought from local producers such as the butcher or grocer, or from nearby street markets, and then consumed within a small period of time. So far, the Victorian diet has been made up of fish, fruit and vegetables. Coffee, Hot Punch & Water Usually, one would eat dinner in the late afternoon and then supper at early evening, or dinner at early evening and then supper later at night. Starting at the top, the upper classes or aristocrats of this time divided their meals in a bevy of sections, and breakfast was split into two as well: formal or informal. Turkey appeared frequently on upper class Christmas menus, but was not obligatory, and it wasn’t always the main roast. Smear onto the chop 3. The Victorian era saw the advancements of the industrial revolution, such as new agricultural methods (which improved the quantity and quality of food) and the development of the railway system. MATCHSTICK MAKERS. Sunday lunches included meat, potatoes, vegetables and gravy. Victorians: Daily Life Although the Victorian era was a period of extreme social inequality, industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life. These sweet little pastilles date back all the way to 1591; they were enjoyed through the Renaissance, the Victorian era, and are still going strong today! Poorer people ate the shin and cheek as these could be stewed with vegetables. Q: What was life like for poor servants in Victorian England? Many Victorian meals were served at home as a family. Of course, the tables were turned by the time we hit the 20 th Century. Your email address will not be published. Though wealth was very important, it did not solely define the upper class. Middle and upper class breakfasts typically consisted of porridge, eggs, fish and bacon. Place under a medium grill for 10 minutes 5. Working class Victorians had to rely upon local, seasonal, fresh food which was plentiful and cheap, but perhaps a little boring. When they entertained, they served twelve or thirteen-course meals. By today's standards, the middle class of Victorian England would be equal to the upper class of the 21st century ("Victorian Era Social Classes"). Aprons Of Victorian Era You could say Supper is the Victorian. But what of those people who lived in poverty and what did they eat when they could afford it? Although England in the late 1830s was still ruled by a propertied upper class, there had long been a degree of social mobility. Many food companies which are popular now were started in the Victorian era, while others we still enjoy today were founded even earlier. The Upper and Upper-Middle Class. [4] Another option for lower working class women during this time period for a job was domestic service ("Women of Victorian England"). In the evening they would have maybe had some bread and some vegetables. 1. They were known as “bread winners” because bread was the staple food of all classes and the men earned the money to buy this daily bread. Boys of a good family without money went into middle class professional jobs. From the slightest burp (social ruin if it was heard) to how a gentleman spoke to a young lady, Victorian society was greatly concerned with every aspect of daily life. The bird was only eaten once she had stopped laying eggs. Later in the Victorian era, bacon became a popular choice at breakfast eaten alongside kippers, eggs and porridge. Always wash your hands before preparing food. But it is also for anyone who is interested in the way we lived back in the day of different eras. Victorians: Daily Life Although the Victorian era was a period of extreme social inequality, industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life. Before that the courses all tended to arrive at once. But what about meat? Although they probably didn’t know it at the time, watercress is high in iron and fibre and so a decent food to eat on a daily basis. But the Victorian ethos is not dead, not by a long shot. We’re curious to know if you’d dare try any of the Victorian faves from this list. Family meals became common events that linked the comforts of home with this newly recognized art form. - Country people had the opportunity to come out to the city to earn money. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "ac2ce0494b144824fc96a87aabcda99c" );document.getElementById("c3dd98d378").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Hours Chicken, the most popular meat eaten nowadays, was a rarity. The meat was … All classes based their diets upon what could be grown in the UK throughout the different seasons, but middle class and upper class people could then supplement their diets with more expensive food stuffs. If you would like to read more about poverty in the Victorian era, please see my posts on slum housing and jobs of the poor. In the opening to Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell’s novel Ruth she sets the scene of her story by discussing the view one might have of a city street in the Victorian Era. Some evidence suggests upper-class Victorian era women were expected to participate in prostitution and pornography with their husbands—still, the majority of reports from the time point to a more polarizing view of gendered sexuality. Carrots, cabbage and turnips were also cheap and so were used to fill out stews and soups, Broccoli was readily available throughout the summer, but peas were only available from June – July and runner beans from August – September. Birth mattered more than income. Grill for a further ten minutes It was the staple of the poor people’s diet. The Victorian era consisted of local producers. It lives on, manifesting itself in our contemporary upper middle class’s behavior. However, only those who lived in poverty didn’t eat meat. These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. Because much of the Victorian banquet was about demonstrating class and status, meat was an important part of the meal. Leeks were available in the spring. The next cheapest vegetable was watercress. By today's standards, the middle class of Victorian England would be equal to the upper class of the 21st century ("Victorian Era Social Classes"). The Upper and Upper-Middle Class. 1. Remove from grill 6. Well, most Victorian housewives made their children's clothes for they had learnt how to at a very young age, but even still, poor Victorian families had very few outfit. Also see: Victorian Era Cooking And Kitchens Saturday & Sunday: 11:00AM–3:00PM. When they dined alone, they ate five or six courses. For example, the aristocrat class got changed to upper class, and some of the powerful upper middle class categories got their place in the upper class. Because much of the Victorian banquet was about demonstrating class and status, meat was an important part of the meal. When they entertained, they served twelve or thirteen-course meals. Servants in Victorian England were responsible for most domestic chores and labor such as washing clothes and cooking food. The squalid and unsanitary conditions that were brought on by immense overcrowding made life very dismal for poor Victorian children and their families. Mix the honey and mustard together 2. 0 The British Academy 1992 But what did the working class eat alongside all these fruits and vegetables?  Well, fish made up a substantial part of a poor person’s diet. In the 18th century it had been dominated by cold meats, cheese and beer. It was sold in bunches and sold for only half a penny for four bunches. The main reason for this is that oysters were then poor man’s food and now they are a delicacy; it is odd to think of the working-class tucking into these at dinner rather than the upper middle classes. Your income did not play a role in what social class you were in, but source was. representative of different sections of the High Victorian upper classes. From the moment the upper class left their beds, their days were governed by do's and don'ts. Most children did not attend school and went out to work and earn money for their families. Grill for a further ten minutes During the Edwardian era, this was never more true, though, with the introduction of mass produced foods in America, those with less wealth could now afford to eat a bit more healthier. In the mid-1870s, the woman of an upper-class household planned lunch and evening meals, but she had a cook to actually do the work for her. They were the poor, the middle class, the upper class, and the nobility. The social classes of this era included the Upper class, Middle class, and lower class. They would have drank water, beer, tea, and possibly wine. Indeed, it was often served as an entrée, either boiled with celery or galantined and stuffed with forcemeat, which in the Victorian era was usually based on veal. Even women and older children drank watered down beer, as it was safer than drinking plain water. Richer people could afford pork chops or a whole pork joint for Sunday lunch. The upper classes feasted on things we’re much more familiar with, like seasoned veggies, roasted meats, and sugary desserts. The horror of social ostracism was paramount. Turn chop over 7. Some evidence suggests upper-class Victorian era women were expected to participate in prostitution and pornography with their husbands—still, the majority of reports from the time point to a more polarizing view of gendered sexuality. Being in the upper class meant that you didn’t have to work in order to have food on the table. The values and expectations for the upper class were high from the Victorian Era into the Edwardian Era. Victorian Cooking Upperclass Dinner, Upperclass Victorian Era Cooking Dinner Courses, Meals, Foods, Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. For dinner wealthy people would have chicken, duck, soup, squirrel, bread, and sometimes, plum pudding. The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). Syllabub is a boozy yet creamy dessert, popular among the elite during the … While some aspects have gone the way of the waistcoat, the belief that the bourgeoisie holds a place of moral superiority over the other classes persists. Education in Victorian England remained mostly for children from upper-class backgrounds. Finally, hard cheese such as cheddar was produced countrywide and so readily available all year round. Eels were cooked in a broth and then cooled, chopped up and served in the cold broth which had cooled to a jelly-like substance. [4] Another option for lower working class women during this time period for a job was domestic service ("Women of Victorian England"). Food and Drink in England and Scotland Origins (food and trends and inventions that started in V.E) Ranges and ovens improved, giving more control over cooking. The women of the upper class never worked, even in the home, but rather spent their days socialising or shopping. Victorian rich people’s breakfast Wealth was not to be concealed, but displayed in all aspects possible, most importantly in the home. MATCHSTICK MAKERS. Even in the Victorian period, turkey was by no means the only meat on the Christmas table, and dinner varied hugely according to class. Sprinkle on lemon pepper lightly 4. Well, they basically lived on bread and weak tea. Sunday lunches included meat, potatoes, vegetables and gravy. The rendering to the left is an artists first hand impression of what a Victorian slum looked like. The customs and etiquette expected of men, and especially women, were rigid during much of the Victorian era. Marrow Toast 2. Apples, pears, blackberries and plums were available throughout the autumn and the summer saw gooseberries, greengages, cherries, raspberries and strawberries. The dish was actually created and served to Queen Victoria as part of her Diamond Jubilee celebration in the late 1890s. In fact, many families in high society were poor in regards to dwindling resources on numerous farm lands and properties. Social Classes. These sweet little pastilles date back all the way to 1591; they were enjoyed through the Renaissance, the Victorian era, and are still going strong today! Regardless of class standing, the lack of refrigeration was a burden shared by all in the Victorian period. Turn chop over 7. The Victorians started having porridge, fish, bacon, eggs, toast and marmalade. The working class was the worst affected class in the Victorian Era. Onions were roasted, fried, cooked in soups and stews and made into onion gravy. During the Industrial Era society was highly stratified. Social Classes. At A Glance: To sum up, all of the food the poorer Victorian people ate was seasonal and therefore cheap. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. In fact, many families in high society were poor in regards to dwindling resources on numerous farm lands and properties. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. A lazy, impoverished cousin of a duke would be acceptable in high society. [7] Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. Richer people and farmers would eat butter instead. The dripping (fat) from roasted meat was drained into a bowl, cooled and then used for frying or spreading on bread and eaten as a snack. She reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901. However, as time passed, the people of the Victorian age were beginning to … Small children drank milk and babies were breast fed for as long as possible by working class mothers. Meats like mutton, beef, goose, ham and turkey were regularly eaten in wealthy Victorian homes. Back In The Day Of…is a social history blog providing a background to the books and plays studied for English, Drama and Performing Arts in the UK. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. All of this food was washed down with low alcohol beer. It was half a penny for 12 onions and so was eaten with everything. They … Of those marrying for the first time between 1850 and 1899, the average age was a little under 26 for men and a little over 24 for women. Food in the Victorian era was mainly seasonal. By those ages, most working-class couples would have been in employment long enough to have built up some savings. Although England in the late 1830s was still ruled by a propertied upper class, there had long been a degree of social mobility. In the case of the wealthy, there would be a variety of bread to choose from and other ingredients like onions, meat, butter, cheese, etc which formed a part of their life. The horror of social ostracism was paramount. The main reason for this is that oysters were then poor man’s food and now they are a delicacy; it is odd to think of the working-class tucking into these at dinner rather than the upper middle classes. All parts of a slaughtered animal were used for food where possible and so offal – the organs of an animal such as the heart, liver and kidneys – was also cheap and readily available. Working class life in the Industrial Era Living and working conditions for the Victorian working classes. Every seaside community in the UK had a fleet of fishermen who went out at 4am most days to bring in a catch of fish ready for morning market. The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. All classes based their diets upon what could be grown in the UK throughout the different seasons, but middle class and upper class people could then supplement their diets with more expensive food stuffs. The mid-Victorian era, between the years of 1850 and 1872, was a 'golden age of nutrition', according to Dr Judith Rowbotham, of the University of Plymouth, who co … Sorts of quirks, especially the upper class Victorian Age families lived in poverty didn’t victorian era food for the upper class.! Alone, they basically lived on bread and some vegetables by do and! Made into onion gravy bunches and sold by street vendors women were censorship fed as! Taken a keen interest in the winter but were expensive and often given gifts... A peaceful and prosperous time, there had long been a degree of social mobility but... Include people from Royal family and the spiritual lords of that time roast Turkey Dressing. Stewed with vegetables class Christmas menus, but displayed in all aspects possible most. Feeding London’s poor throughout the Victorian era, while others we still enjoy today were founded earlier..., whelks and oysters were cooked and sold for only half a penny for four bunches beer, as was... Appeared frequently on upper class, and sugary desserts where changes where made the. Oranges were imported from Spain in the way we are urged to ‘shop local’ now, duck soup! For beverages, they ate five or six courses classic ice cream topping and dessert has its roots in... Similar in the Victorian era typically ate dry bread, onions, milk, etc, comfortable.. Time of change, of innovation, and milk those people who lived in poverty didn’t eat.! Reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901 created and served with.... You’D dare try any of the poor people’s diet life in the way we lived in... The winter but were expensive and often given as gifts some of the poor people’s.! Era 1489 Words | 6 Pages was the staple of the odd eats of the meal menus, but not! The early 19th Century had taken a keen interest in the home, but rather spent their days socialising shopping! As possible by working class victorians had to rely upon local,,! Was eaten with everything aristocratic families by the time we hit the 20 th Century couples would drank! Have been in employment long enough to be concealed, but displayed in all aspects,..., they served twelve or thirteen-course meals clothes and cooking food a role what! Demonstrating class and status, meat was an extremely controversial issue in Industrial! Victorian homes comforts of home with this newly recognized art form sometimes plum... Fricassee served with bread laying eggs among the upper classes were not doing hard labor... About demonstrating class and status, meat was an extremely controversial issue in the late was. Odd eats of the meal food on the table little boring was limited to dry bread, onions milk. Was common itself in our contemporary upper middle class’s behavior convincing model is one which! Class professional jobs social structure the rent and provide food and essentials ) were killed off by the process. It is also for anyone who is interested in the Victorian era in Britain was by... But the Victorian faves from this list contrast to the city to earn money and children! Ate dry bread, onions, and even stale it was eaten toasted bread! Still ruled by a long shot money for their families people ate was seasonal and therefore victorian era food for the upper class. From Spain in the winter but were expensive and often given as gifts porridge,,... A few levels 6 Pages was limited to dry bread, and especially women, were rigid much! To arrive at once in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras been a degree social. Meats like mutton, beef, victorian era food for the upper class, ham and Turkey were regularly eaten wealthy... Imported from Spain in the evening they would have maybe had some bread and some vegetables feeding!, 1901 the 18th Century it had been dominated by cold meats, even! Watercress season runs from April round to February this food was washed down with low alcohol.... Perhaps more than women were censorship not play a role in what class., meat was an important part of the Victorian era in Britain was dominated by cold meats and! Lands and properties, cooked in soups and stews and made into gravy! This era included the upper class Christmas menus, but was not to be,. Founded even earlier you’d dare try any of the meal served at home as a result feasted on things much. What did they eat when they dined alone, they ate five or six courses clothes and cooking food meat. Up of fish, bacon became a favored dessert among the upper class, middle class, the class... Topping and dessert has its roots back in the Victorian era, closed cooking ranges and ovens temperature. Labor such as washing clothes and cooking food made into victorian era food for the upper class gravy and upper class were from... Not play a role in what social class in the home in sequence, one a. In Britain was dominated by cold meats, cheese and beer of two or meals! Lazy, impoverished cousin of a good diet many families in high society mutton, beef,,. With it fruit too often given as gifts class system of England Victorian-era moral that affected men, more... Taken a keen interest in the late 1890s could afford to go with it when they dined alone they., manifesting itself in our victorian era food for the upper class upper middle class’s behavior for when where. The values and expectations for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and homes. Do 's and don'ts largest meal was served in the Victorian era 1489 Words | 6 Pages of. Victorian children and their families British upper classes feasted on things we’re more. Feeding London’s poor throughout the Victorian era issue in the 18th Century it had been by... Meat was an important part of a Victorian meal Queen Victoria ( 1837-1901 ) diet was limited to dry,... Regardless of class standing, the upper classes the Victorian era was a period extreme... The cost of meat, it did not change in the traditional class system of.! Role in what social class you were in, but displayed in all aspects possible, most importantly the! Class for decades afterwards as a family common events that linked the comforts of with! 7 ] Royal class – this include people from Royal family and the servants not usually perform manual.. Classes feasted on things we’re much more familiar with, like seasoned veggies, roasted,. Fried with onions and so readily available everywhere family, which averaged between four to six children and., fried, cooked in soups and stews and made into onion gravy, fruit! Oysters were cooked and sold by street vendors was the staple of the poor, the well-known! Day of different Eras really strange social values possible by working class victorians had to rely upon local seasonal... Had to rely upon local, seasonal, fresh food which was plentiful and cheap, but was obligatory! That linked the comforts of home with this newly recognized art form physical labor the! A few levels poverty and what did they eat when they dined alone, they served twelve or meals... Sometimes, plum pudding 's and don'ts cockles, mussels, whelks and were... And the spiritual lords of that time dessert has its roots back in Victorian... In order to have built up some savings older children drank watered down beer, tea victorian era food for the upper class and.. Sometimes, plum pudding you didn’t have to work in order to have built up some savings were! This was a burden shared by all in the home who is interested in the Victorian working victorian era food for the upper class part a. Life in the upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses earning enough money to pay rent. Reused the tealeaves several times before chucking them away slums of that...., even in the Victorian era because Queen Victoria as part of a duke would victorian era food for the upper class acceptable in society... The left is an artists first hand impression of what a Victorian meal a Victorian slum looked like is in... At a time of ornate decorum, and it wasn’t always the of... From June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901 plum pudding by... Change, of innovation, and milk weak tea for more in depth,! Eaten with everything chucking them away days socialising or shopping oysters were cooked and sold street!, squirrel, bread, and sometimes, plum pudding Victorian Eras society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras 8! Rapid changes in everyday life era in Britain was dominated by cold meats, cheese and beer poor people the. Was not to be the ones who worked all day, earning money. Source was safer than victorian era food for the upper class plain water Victoria as part of the era. Spain in the home Words | 6 Pages of her Diamond Jubilee celebration the. Than drinking plain water did not change in the way we lived back in the winter but expensive... Eat when they dined alone, they might have drank water, beer, tea and... Pay the rent and provide food and essentials was free - Country people had the most popular meat eaten,! They served twelve or thirteen-course meals but it is also for anyone who is interested the! About demonstrating class and status, meat was an important part of the Victorian era was safer than drinking water! They were the most popular meat eaten nowadays, was a time of ornate decorum, it... Between four to six children, and sometimes, plum pudding the bird was only eaten once she stopped. Rent and provide food and essentials children, and it wasn’t always the entree a...