Agroforestry is a system of land management that integrates tree and shrub plantings with crops or livestock in order to generate economic, environmental and social benefits. Agroforestry systems are intensively managed to maintain their productive and protective functions through cultivation, fertilization, irrigation, pruning, and thinning. Ecosystem services: Nature’s gift 3. An official website of the United States government. Conventionally, farmers have only grown a single crop on one field. In 1977 the Canadian International Development Research Centre released a report called Trees, Food and People (part of the Project for Identification of Tropical Forestry Research Priorities) describing the critical role of trees in sustaining agricultural production in the tropics. Classification based on function of systems 26 In some systems, for example, the trees are regularly coppiced (severely cut back), and the cuttings are applied as mulch to the soil. These areas can also support wildlife and provide another source of income. Associate Director of the Center for Agroforesty and Professor of Forestry at the University of Missouri. Forest farming is also called multi-story cropping. are deliberately used on the same land-management units as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. A framework for classification of agroforestry systems The foregoing analysis reveals the following: The usually used criteria for classifying AF systems and practices are: (1) Structure of the system (nature and arrangement of components); (2) Function of the system (role … system. Our company’s definition: Cacao agroforestry is a managed, intentional system of cultivation of cacao with other trees and crops over time and space. Definition -variable, depends upon specific . Irrigated rice terraces, Bali, Indonesia. Producers are now increasingly asking how to begin the process of establishing agroforestry systems. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Although the modern concept of agroforestry emerged in the early 20th century, the use of woody perennials in agricultural systems is ancient, with written descriptions of the practice dating back to Roman times. Alley croppingmeans planting crops between rows of trees to provide income while the trees mature. The agroforestry strategic framework (PDF, 562 KB) is a roadmap for agroforestry services USDA provides to landowners through its conservation programs. Ideally, components are structurally and functionally combined and actively managed to optimize the positive biophysical interactions between them. … Agroforestry definition is - land management involving the growing of trees in association with food crops or pastures. That led to the establishment of the International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), ultimately headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1977, and in 1982 ICRAF launched the journal Agroforestry Systems to provide a global research outlet for the newly emerging field. Increased agricultural productivit… In addition to many of the temperate-zone practices, tropical agroforestry systems often include a variety of other agroforestry methods. Home gardens and taungya, in which food crops are grown between tree seedlings as they mature (often used in teak or mahogany production), are useful to supplement the nutritional needs of landowners growing tree crops. The system can be designed to produce fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, herbs, bioenergy feedstocks, and more. Agroforestry systems are land management practices in which trees and shrubs are produced on the same land area as agricultural crops or livestock. Define agroforestry. This diversification of the farming system initiates an agroecological succession, like that in natural ecosystems, and so starts a chain of events that enhance the functionality and sustainability of the farming system. Terrace cultivation, living fences, multipurpose trees (e.g., the Albida acacia [Faidherbia albida]), fodder trees, and multi-strata systems (featuring trees of different heights, as in shade-grown coffee) are also used in tropical systems to combine trees with other crops and livestock. Silvopasturecombines trees with livestock and their forages on one piece of land. Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos, etc.) Agroforestry is an environmentally-friendly land use system where numerous interactions among trees with crops, livestock and other living organisms (incl. The value of agroforestry systems in addressing these priorities has been established by several decades of research worldwide. USDA factsheets about agroforestry systems and practices, FAQs, and USDA information contacts. However, his contributions were largely overlooked during the green revolution of the 1960s and the subsequent and more-inclusive farming systems research/extension (FSR/E) development approach of the early 1970s that sought sustainable agricultural alternatives. As such, it plays a critical role in advancing agroforestry to enhance the nation's economy and its agricultural landscapes, watersheds, and communities. Agroforestry is a practical and low-cost means of implementing many forms of integrated land management (which seeks to reduce human impacts on land), and it contributes to a green economy by promoting long-term, sustainable, and renewable forest management, especially for small-scale producers. Silvopasture combines trees with livestock and their forages on one piece of land. A more elaborate definition of agroforestry is ‘the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits’ Although American and Canadian temperate-zone agroforestry nomenclature differs from that used in the tropics and Europe, five temperate-zone agroforestry practices are generally recognized worldwide. In 2002 ICRAF was renamed the World Agroforestry Centre to reflect its global mandate. Hydromorphic agroforestry system: It referes to agroforestry in the wet lands or in waterlogged areas, e.g., acquaforestry, paddy cultivation with fish culture. In turn, such improvements can contribute to increased social sustainability in which human needs are satisfied in a way that fosters environmental health. Agroforestry systems also yield proven strategies for long-term carbon sequestration, soil enrichment, biodiversity conservation, and air- and water-quality improvements, benefiting both the landowners and society. Three main types of Agroforestry 4.1. Forest farmingoperations grow food, herbal, botanical, or decorative crops under a forest canopy that is managed to provide ideal shade levels as well as other products. Foster public-private partnerships that increase understanding, acceptance, and application. The damage of current land-use practices 2. For a management practice to be called agroforestry, it typically must satisfy the four "i"s: There are five widely recognized categories of agroforestry in the United States: Alley cropping means planting crops between rows of trees to provide income while the trees mature. When properly applied, agroforestry can improve livelihoods through enhanced health and nutrition, increased economic growth, and strengthened environmental resilience and ecosystem sustainability. Updates? Agroforestry, cultivation and use of trees and shrubs with crops and livestock in agricultural systems. 1. multiple plant species, including at least one woody species. The benefits of agroforestry derive from the interactions between trees and shrubs and crops and livestock. Positive interactions may reduce stress to plants and animals, enhance yields, retain soil, and capture water. Classification of agroforestry systems 21 3.1. AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS AND PRACTICES 3. Due to the presence of trees on farmed lands, agroforestry systems host biodiversity of … Agrosilvipastoral systems WHY WE DO IT 1. Therefore, agroforestry systems combine trees, crops, or livestock to increase diversity, productivity, profitability, and … agriculture or forestry practices -generally includes the following components . 3. These four key characteristics - intentional, intensive, interactive and integrated - are the essence of agroforestry and are what distinguish it from other farming or forestry practices. Forest farming operations grow food, herbal, botanical, or decorative crops under a forest canopy that is managed to provide ideal shade levels as well as other products. multi-species . Smith viewed tree-based “permanent agriculture” as a solution to the destructive erosion that often followed the cultivation of sloping lands. In 2004 the World Bank estimated that agroforestry practices were being used by 1.2 billion people. Agroforestry Systems is an international scientific journal that publishes results of novel, high impact original research, critical reviews and short communications on any aspect of agroforestry. Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits. "Agroforestry is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resource management system that, through the integration of trees in farm-and rangeland, diversifies and … Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Agroforestry is a land-use management system in which trees and shrubs are grown either on arable land along with crops or on pastureland. Very simply put, agroforestry is defined as ‘agriculture with trees’. It has been practiced in the United States and around the world for centuries. 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